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    • What is the initial and final setting time for concrete ...

      Division on setting time of cement is based on Initial setting time of cement and Final setting time of cement. Generally Initial setting is the time elapsed between the moment water is added to the cement to the time at which paste starts losing ...

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      Why You Should Be Monitoring Your Concrete's Curing ...

      Dec 19, 2018· To cool concrete, use ice or liquid nitrogen as part of the concrete water mix. Avoid placing concrete at noon as temperatures tend to be highest during that time of day. Use cool water to dampen side forms for slabs or walls. Keep an evaporative retarder ready on-site in case the temperature rises, and water starts evaporating rapidly.

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      Concrete Set Time - Slag Cement

      How Does Slag Cement Affect Time of Set? At temperatures less than 85 degrees Fahrenheit, concrete containing slag cement can have longer times of set, when compared with 100 percent portland cement concrete. The lower the ambient and/or concrete temperatures, the slower the set times will be (Figure 1).

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      Georgia Chapter ACI Luncheon Benefits of Slag Cement In ...

      Slag Cement's Effect On Concrete Typical replacement values Effects on compressive strength Reducing permeability Sulfate attack Mitigation ... PC 30% Slag. IL(10) 30%. Slag. Set Time -minutes Compressive Strength -PSI 1 day. 7 day. 28 day. Initial Set. Slag Cement .

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      Effect of heat generation from cement hydration on mass ...

      Construction of a concrete dam requires large volume of concrete. Due to the small surface area-to-volume ratio, concrete dams are often subjected to high potential of thermal

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      Effect of Usage of Admixture in Concrete

      The use of admixtures offers certain beneficial effects to concrete like improved workability, acceleration or retardation of setting time, reduce water cement ratio, and so on. There are two basic types of admixtures available: chemical & mineral. Admixtures like flyash, silicate fume, slag comes in the category of mineral admixtures.

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      8 FACTORS AFFECTING SETTING & HARDENING OF CEMENT ...

      2001 by slag cement manufacturers and the Slag Cement Association, the American Concrete Institute officially reviewed and changed the terminology from GGBFS to slag cement (ACI Committee 233, 2004). The term slag cement will be used throughout this paper when referring to finely-ground granulated blast-furnace slag.

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      Setting Time of Cement Concrete - Stages and Processes

      Final Setting Time is defined as the period elapsing between the time when water is added to cement and the time at which the needle of 1 mm square section with 5 mm diameter attachment makes an impression on the test block . 600 minutes is the maximum time specified for the final set for all the above mentioned Portland cements.

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      Solving Finishing Problems| Concrete Construction Magazine

      Feb 05, 2014· When a mix is easily making strength, there is often the urge to reduce the cement content, but this will have a negative effect on the finishability. Slag cement or fly ash replacement of cement will typically increase the volume of the paste as their specific gravity is less then cement.

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      (PDF) Effect of Sugar on Setting-Time and Compressive ...

      In this regard, the idea of using by-product such as microsilica as partial replacement of cement in concrete, due to its great environment effect, became popular for producing infrastructures.

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      (PDF) Effect of Slag Cement on Drying Shrinkage of Concrete

      The effect of a partial replacement of cement with slag cement on free shrinkage is evaluated for curing periods between 3 and 28 days. Mixtures include concrete .

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      GGBS Concrete - CSMA - The Cementitious Slag Makers ...

      With GGBS, the setting time will be extended slightly, perhaps by about 30 minutes. The effect will be more pronounced at high levels of GGBS and/or low temperatures. An extended setting time is advantageous in that the concrete will remain workable longer and there will be a reduced risk of cold joints. This is particularly useful in warm weather.

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      Retarders for Concrete and Their Effects on Setting Time ...

      TECHNICALREPORTSTANDARDTITLEPAGE 1.ReportNo. 1.GovernmentAccessionNo. 3.Recipient'sCatalogNo. 4.TitleandSubtitle RETARDERSFORCONCRETE,ANDTHEIREFFECTS ...

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      Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) | Chemical ...

      May 09, 2018· Due to this property it imparts lower early age strength in concrete. Other properties of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag concrete are as follows: Setting time. The setting time of concrete is mainly influenced by the temperature and water cement ratio. Using of GGBS in concrete generally increase the setting time slightly up to 30 minutes ...

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      Initial and Final Setting time of Cement | Effects | How ...

      Oct 06, 2017· Within this time cement continues with reacting water and slowly cement starts losing its plasticity and set harden. This complete cycle is called Setting time of cement. Initial Setting time of Cement:-The time to which cement can be moulded in any desired shape without losing it strength is called Initial setting time of cement. Or

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      Slag Cement: The Other SCM

      Apr 08, 2019· Slag cement, previously known as ground-granulated blast-furnace slag ⠀䜀䜀䈀䘀, has been used in concrete for well over 100 yeൡrs ⠀䄀䌀䤀 ㈀ ㄀㄀. The first recorded production in the US of blended cement containing both slag and portland cement was in 1896 ⠀䄀䌀䤀 ㈀ ㄀㄀.

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      CONCRETE 101

      How does hot/cold weather affect concrete? Concrete is temperature sensitive; it sets quickly in hot weather and slowly in cold weather. The addition of admixtures is often used to slow the set time (retarder) during hot weather and to speed up the set time (accelerators) in cold weather. Hot weather can create difficulties in fresh concrete ...

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      how does slag cement affect time of set

      how does slag cement affect time of set - ecap. Concrete Time Of Set - Slag Cement. The percentage of slag cement used can also affect times of set. However, replacement rates of less than 30 percent generally will not affect times of set significantly.

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      LEHIGH SLAG CEMENT PRODUCT DATA SHEET

      same factors affect the set time of concretes made with slag cement as with ordinary portland cement. Generally, the higher the slag cement dosage, the slower the set time. This provides some advantages during hot weather concreting. Retarding admixtures and cold weather tend to slow set times for slag cement concretes.

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      Durability Properties of Concrete with GGBS

      Durability of concrete is an important factor considered for structures. Effect of GGBFS of durability properties of concrete is discussed in this article. Durability is an important factor that must be appreciable for any structure so that it is performing for the requirement for which it is built for. It is a time period requirement. [.]

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      Slag set time in cold weather - Structural engineering ...

      Dec 13, 2007· Can someone tell me how much slag affects the set time of concrete? I asked for 15%-25% slag replacement because Type II cement is not readily available in the area. This is for a digester tank containing wastewater. But the concrete supplier does not want to use slag because it is harder to obtain than flyash and he said the outside ...

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      Frequently Asked Questions - concrete

      The American Concrete Institute. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design ...

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      Slag Cement Questions

      Slag cement concrete sometimes turns green for a short period of time due to the oxidation state of sulfide sulphur compounds during portland/slag cement hydration. This is normally a temporary condition and the concrete, upon exposure to air and sunlight, will ultimately become lighter than portland cement concrete.

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      EFFECTS OF FLY ASH ON CONCRETE PROPERTIES - CivilBlog.Org

      Jan 31, 2016· The permeability of concrete reduces on addition of fly ash to cement. 28 days pulverised fly-ash-concrete may be three times as permeable as ordinary concrete but after 6 months it may be less than one quarter permeable. 7. On Resistance to Chemical Attack. Fly ash slightly improves the resistance of concrete to sulphate attack. 8. On Heat of ...

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      Set Time Retarding and Hydration Control Admixtures

      Set Time Retarding and Hydration Control Admixtures Increase Concrete Setting Time. Producing uniform and predictable quality concrete is important for meeting requirements for placing and finishing concrete, especially in high performance concrete.

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      Discoloration — What, why, & how? – Nevada Ready Mix

      Inconsistent use of admixtures, insufficient mixing time, and improper timing of finishing operations can cause this effect. A yellowish to greenish hue may appear on concrete containing ground slag as a cementitious material. This will disappear with time. Concrete containing ground slag does, however, have a generally lighter color.

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      The Disadvantages of Fly Ash in Concrete | Hunker

      Sometimes this is desirable, particularly in hot weather which speeds up concrete set times, but at other times it is an inconvenience and can cause delays in construction. Other admixtures may be necessary to adjust the set time of the concrete, depending on the percent fly .

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      Properties of Cement- Physical & Chemical - Civil Engineering

      Cement containing large amounts of alkali can cause some difficulty in regulating the setting time of cement. Low alkali cement, when used with calcium chloride in concrete, can cause discoloration. In slag-lime cement, ground granulated blast furnace slag is not hydraulic on its own but is "activated" by addition of alkalis.

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      Does Water Content Affect Setting Time?| Concrete ...

      In one study, water-cement ratio was increased by increasing water content while keeping all other batch quantities constant (Ref. 1). The effect on time to reach initial and final set is shown in the following table: In this study, concrete temperature was 63 F, ambient temperature was 70 F, and ambient relative humidity was 70%. Another study ...

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      The Properties of Slag Cement and its Influence on the ...

      Jan 01, 2016· It does not possess the hydraulic activity, but is a highly effective pozzolan in the mixture with portland cement. x The increase of the slag dosage in the blended cement (CEM 1+BFGS) awakes the paste and mortar water demand growth, slows down the concrete setting and maturing process. 1439 K.V. Schuldyakov et al. / Procedia Engineering 150 ...

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