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    • Report of the - Comptroller and Auditor General of India

      Assessment of Environmental Impact due to Mining ... land degradation, etc. Coal, a fossil fuel, is composed mainly of carbon. It is extracted predominantly through open cast mining (OCM). OCM disfigures the countryside and tends to pollute the ... to mining activities and its mitigation in Coal India Limited and its Subsidiaries" was

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      Environmental Consequences of a Burning Coal Mine : A Case ...

      natural drainage due to mining and deterioration of surface and ground water quality have also been conducted in JCF (Fig. 3) [11, 12-17]. Fig. 3 Polluted water in a pond at JCF [35] Fig. 4 (a) Desiccation cracks in soil due to fire below [35] C. Impact on land use and vegetation . Multi-temporal remote sensing data offer an effective way

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      Environmental Concerns of Coal Mining in India ...

      Aug 09, 2020· Open cast mining is used to extract coal from shallow depts. It's a more efficient process than underground mining, the latter needing high technical expertise and greater investments. In India, most of the coal production comes from open-cast mines; As on 2015, the share of underground coal mining in India is lowest- only 8.8% of the total ...

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      Degradation of Soil Quality Parameters Due to Coal Mining ...

      Degradation of Soil Quality Parameters Due to Coal Mining Operations in Jharia Coalfield, Jharkhand, India Arvind Kumar Rai1* and Biswajit Paul2 *Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India. Abstract: Coal mining for an area is an economic activity but may lead to degradation of soil quality.

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      Ground Water Contamination in Coal Mining Areas

      Coal mining in India was started in the year 1774 in the state of ... The problems caused by mining activities are land degradation, disposal of over burden, deforestation, washing rejects, subsidence, water pollution due to wash off, discharge of mine water, acid mine drainage, coal washing operation, air pollution due to release of gases and ...

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      No land will be left, if India does not achieve land ...

      India lost 2.5% of GDP in 2014-15 to land degradation; area affected equivalent to Rajasthan, MP, Maharashtra put together. The annual economic loss due to land degradation and change in land use in India was valued at Rs 3.17 lakh crore in 2014-15 — 2.5 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014-15.

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      Environmental Degradation in India (11 Main Causes)

      ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the eleven main causes of environmental degradation in India. They are: 1. Degradation of Land 2. Deforestation 3. Air Pollution 4. Water Pollution 5. Solid and Hazardous Wastes 6. Faulty Utilisation of Natural Resources 7. Loss of Bio-diversity 8. Pest Problem 9. Agricultural Wastes 10. Industrial and Atmospheric Pollution 11. [.]

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      East and west: The parallel worlds of India's coal and ...

      However, at the same time, India is pushing for an increase in coal mining as well to cut down coal imports and become self-sufficient in it. The government, in fact, in June had put up for ...

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      Land Degradation due to Mining in India and its Mitigation ...

      Land Degradation due to Mining in India and its Mitigation Measures Dr H. B. Sahu Department of Mining Engineering National Institute of Technology Rourkela – 769 008, India ... quality of coal. If these mines were operational, it would mean that even if 1 million tonnes of coal were extracted, it

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      India restricts entry of Chinese firms in commercial coal ...

      New Delhi: The government has restricted participation of companies from countries sharing a land border with India in the ongoing auction of coal mines for commercial extraction by the private sector. The Coal Ministry has issued a corrigendum to the tender document issued for commercial coal mining, bringing out the fact that though 100 per cent FDI, under the automatic route, is permitted ...

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      Degradation of Soil Quality Parameters Due to Coal Mining ...

      Coal mining for an area is an economic activity but may lead to degradation of soil quality. Open-cast coal mining operations involved displacement of a large amount of overburden/rock mass materials to excavate the coal for many purposes. In mining areas, the soils are affected by various coal mining operations i.e. blasting, drilling, storage of overburden dump materials, clearing of land ...

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      Impact of Mining Activities on Land Use Land Cover in the ...

      Jan 01, 2015· Prominent changes such as deforestation and land degradation occurred due to increased coal mining, and associated population increase and urbanization. Even though there is a steady decline in vegetated cover area over the years, the decline is gradual in nature, which may be attributed to government policies regarding replantation and ...

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      Groundwater vulnerability assessment in degraded coal ...

      Spatial distribution results revealed critical impact of land degradation due to coal mining on groundwater, as nearly 24% of the entire study area lied in the high to very high vulnerable zones, most of which are located in the vicinity of mining areas. This study will help in better water management practices in coal mining areas.

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      Impacts of Coal Mining | Term Paper | Geography

      The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) opines that surface mining may result in constant decline of green and cultivable area by way of blockage of land for mining and allied activities. An estimate by the IBM indicates that this degradation is to the tune of 60 per cent by waste dumping, 23 per cent by pit excavation and 17 per cent by others.

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      Land Degradation: 9 Main Causes of Land Degradation

      Soil erosion due to water is the most serious land degradation problem in India. It causes land degradation through huge loss of top fertile soil along with plant nutrients through runoff water. ... marsh and saline lands, forest land, degraded land, strip land, mining and industrial wastelands. On the other hand, unculturable wastelands ...

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      Degradation in Water Quality due to Limestone Mining in ...

      Degradation in water quality due to limestone mining: Water quality analysis gives us an idea about the health of the water bodies. Thus water samples from two different seasons of the year were analysed to see the changes in its quality. The pre-monsoon and post-monsoon water quality data are summarized in table-2 and table-3, respectively.

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      land degradation effects of coal mining in jharkhand india

      land degradation due to coal mining in jharkhand. Land Capability Classification of Degraded Jharia. Jharia coalfield in the State of Jharkhand is the prime coking coal reserve in the country. The coal field lies in the Damodar River Valley, and covers about 280 square km, but due to unscientific mining which resulted in severe land degradation.

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      materials involved in coal extraction in india

      land degradation due to mining and its remedial Land Degradation due to Mining in India and its Mitigation Measures Dr H. B. Sahu The coal mines of Coal India Limited (CIL) removed about 500 million cubic m (Mcum) of overburden (OB) to of .

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      Mining Industry of India: An Analysis - UKEssays

      This continuing contraction is due to lower production of major minerals like coal and lignite, crude petroleum, iron ore and natural gas. it also focus on the environmental degradation such as water, air,coastal and marine, health hazards, degradation of natural eco-system due to mining activities in the form of metallic and non metallic ...

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      Impact of Mining Activities on Land Use Land Cover in the ...

      Jan 01, 2015· Prominent changes such as deforestation and land degradation occurred due to increased coal mining, and associated population increase and urbanization. Even though there is a steady decline in vegetated cover area over the years, the decline is gradual in nature, which may be attributed to government policies regarding replantation and ...

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      Desertification in India: Mining erodes soil, water table ...

      In Giridih, where 74 per cent of the district is under degradation — the highest in the state — another factor is at play. It is part of the Dhanbad mining circle which has the highest coal mine leases (131) in the country and over 500 minor mineral mines.

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      (PDF) Environmental issues of coal mining - A case study ...

      Coal mining activities lead to environmental changes to a large extent such as degradation in quality of air, water, soil, changes in landform, land use/land cover and vegetation distribution.

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      STATUS OF WATER QUALITY IN COAL MINING ... - India, .

      water, pollution of air, water and soil and degradation of agricultural lands are some of the conspicuous environmental implications of coal mining (Das Gupta and Tiwari, 2000; Swer and Singh, 2004). Besides, a vast area has become physically disfigured due to haphazard dumping of overburden, caving in of the ground and subsidence of land.

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      Environmental Degradation In Jharkand Due To Mining

      The committee had desired that the proponent examine the environmental costs of land degradation due to impacts of mining an undisturbed land of 41509 ha the consequent env impacts displacement issues and costs of mineral transportation to the linked...

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      7 Main Causes of Land Degradation in India (With Remedies)

      Roughly 0.8 mha of land in India are despoiled due to open or surface and underground mining activities. Though this problem is highly location-specific and restricted to remote areas, it necessarily war­rants attention in terms of wise remedies of land. Somewhere someone is affected due to mining, and reclamation of such derelict land ...

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      mining and land degradation in nigeria

      soil degradation due to coal mining in nigeria degradation of northen nigeria due to mining activities. patterns in Nigeria due to and soil degradation Mining activities have often left .Land Degradation due .

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      Report of the - Comptroller and Auditor General of India

      Assessment of Environmental Impact due to Mining ... land degradation, etc. Coal, a fossil fuel, is composed mainly of carbon. It is extracted predominantly through open cast mining (OCM). OCM disfigures the countryside and tends to pollute the ... to mining activities and its mitigation in Coal India Limited and its Subsidiaries" was

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      Impacts of Coal mining: a Review of Methods and Parameters ...

      The land damage caused due to coal mining was studied. 70 Large areas of land are excavated during open cast mining operations in order to extract mineral ore. 59 Significant amounts of forest is lost along with the rich top soil during pre-mining overburden removal and replaced by undesirable waste. This overburden is waste for the industry ...

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      LAND DEGRADATION DUE TO MINING IN INDIA AND ITS .

      Deptt. of Mining Engineering NIT, Rourkela, India LAND DEGRADATION DUE TO MINING IN INDIA AND ITS MITIGATION MEASURES Presented by By Dr. H. B. Sahu and Er. S. Dash Presented at the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, held at Singapore during Feb 26-28, 2011 and Published by IEEE

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      Coal mining activities change plant community structure ...

      Coal mining activities change plant community structure due to air pollution and soil degradation. Pandey B(1), Agrawal M, Singh S. Author information: (1)Laboratory of Air Pollution and Global Climate Change, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India, [email protected]

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